Taeguk 8 Jang
The last taeguk poomse. The Gon or ‘kon’ theory is one of the eight divination signs and it is symbolic of the Earth. This pattern is the root of taekwondo which allows further development and growth. The Earth allows for life, energy and growth. The student perfects their techniques and executes them strongly. The 1st kup will have learnt dubal dangsong bakkat palmok momtong kodureo bakkat makki, twio chagi and palkup dollyo chigi. The student is well on the way towards the path for black belt.
Koryo poomse is named after the ancient dynasty within in Korea (circa 900-1400 A.D). In fact the name Korea is a derivation of Koryo. It is also symbolic of seonbae which is a knowledgeable man. It also represents the strong spirit of mankind combined with the martial spirit. The dynasty is famous for the reason that Korea was successfully defended against the attack of the growing Mongolian empire. The new techniques appearing include kodeum chagi, opeun sonnal bakkat chigi, sonnal araemakki, khaljaebimureup nullo kkokki, momtong hecho makki, jumeok pyojeok jireugi, pyonson kkeut jecho jireugi, batang son nullo makki, palkup yop chagi, and me jumeok arae-pyojeok chigi. All movements should be executed with conviction and be strong in order to pay homage to Koryo’s struggle against the Mongolians.
Keumgang represents hardness and matter that is difficult to break. It also means diamond, which is one of the hardest substances in nature. Korea’s famous mountain which represents the nation’s spirit is named Keumgang Seok. Mountains and diamonds are both strong and beautiful and like this the movements of this Taekwondo pattern are to be performed with the strength of the inner spirit. Movements are executed powerfully but balanced. New techniques include batangson teok chigi, santeoul makki, han son nal momtong an makki, Keumgang makki, kheun dol tzogi, and the hak dari seogi.
Taebaek poomse is named after the ‘bright mountain’. Ancient Korean literature (circa 4000 years ago) tells us that Tangun was the founder of the nation of Korean people. The mountain of Taebaek is symbolic of Tangun’s soul and inner mind. In the present day it is known as Mount Baekdoo, which is the highest mountain in Korea. The line of the poomse symbolises the connection between heaven and earth, whereby the nation has been founded via orders from heaven. New techniques include sonnal area hecho makki, sonnal opeo japki, japhin-son-mok-ppaegi, dol-tzeogi, Kumkang-momtong-makki, deung-jumeok-olgul-bakkat-chigi.
Pyongwon represents the vastness of land or a plain. The movements of the poomse are designed to display the infinity of the spirit and a majestic atmosphere. They also represent the movement of peace against struggle. A fertile plain allows for the cultivation and maintenance of human life. The plain is also the place where the human returns to upon death. New techniques include palkup ollyo chigi, kodureo olgul yop makki, hecho santeul makki, dangkyo teok jireugi, meongye chigi.
Sipjin is symbolic of longevity and the ten creatures of life. These are the sun, the moon, water, mountain, pine tree, stone, herb for eternal youth, deer, tortoise and crane. Two heavenly possessions, three natural wonders, three animals, and two plants. These cultivate the human feelings of faith, hope and love. Every movement of the poomse is delivered with stability. New techniques include hwangso makki, son badak kodureo makki, opeun son nal jireugi, son nal area makki, bawi milgi, son nal deung momtong hecho makki, son nal deung momtong makki, kodeo olligi, chettari jireugi, son nal otkoreo area makki. The poomse line comes from the Chinese letter meaning ten which signifies the infinity of the decimal system.