Post date: Aug 19, 2012 2:02:35 AM
Being a contact sport, Taekwondo Is Not Considered to be a violent sport When Compared to others like American Football.
The Taekwondo athletes are frequently exposed to traumatic injuries being the most common ones contusions.
In this text translated from the English source I'll share some occurencies from Taekwondo training and competitions.
Kinds of injuries
Possible injuries that our body is exposed can be external or internal. For example:
- Kicking the opponent's elbow can cause swelling (edema), the famous "purple" (hematoma), pain in the instep. Are lesions that can be seen as it is on the outside of the body (as well as cuts), and then calls from external lesions. And inside?
- We may have ruptures of ligaments, fracture, tendonitis, arthritis and others. These injuries we can not see directly, which can be called from internal injuries.
The causes of injuries may be related to our own body (internal causes) or not (external causes):
- Internal factors: age, gender, physique, health / disease morbid muscle performance (strength, speed, elasticity)
- External factors: training program (frequency, intensity, quality), local training (floor material) training environment (altitude, temperature, ventilation).
The Doctor. HS Baek of Korea made a statistical study of the injuries occurred during practice Taekwondo (does not include cases of fractures and traumatic brain injury), concluding:
- 50% of cases involve injury to ligaments
- 46% of cases involve muscles and tendons
- 4% of cases present superficial lesions (such cuts)
The statistical study of Hoso University (Korea) showed that:
- Fractures occur in 3% of cases
- Brain injury occur in 0.3% of cases
And what part of the body that suffers more injury?
- Feet: 24%
- Knees: 21%
- Leg (shin): 11%
- Elbow: 10%
Hence the importance of using protective equipment in an attempt to mitigate these attacks to our body because injuries do not just happen by bruise or sprain.
There was also a statistical study on the caregiver, or who are dealing with people who have some type of injury. It is observed that the treatment is done by:
- Self athlete in 64% of cases
- Doctor in 25% of cases
- Technician in 12% of cases
With these data we can conclude that the most frequent injuries occur in the feet and knees, and ligaments that surround most of the time. Hence the importance of protecting the instep as preventive method of injury, and the care of the floors of gyms and courts of competition (risk factors for sprains).
Note: Frequent bruising on the ankle can cause damage to small nerves that region, resulting in constant pain.
- Make a medical examination before beginning any physical activity.
- Make a physical assessment to better understand your body. This evaluation (conducted by the professional physical education) will help develop a better training program for you, because at this point we must respect the individuality of each athlete.
- Talk to your teacher about what's happening to you, you're getting tired fast, feels pain, etc., to find the cause and resolve the issue. Not being the range of the teacher, find a professional. This is to respect your own body.
- Use protective equipment in cases where it is necessary and consistent situations. For example, it is not necessary to make a classroom full of shin, forearm protector. There are people who may have circulatory problems and protector can hinder circulation causing pain or discomfort in the legs and arms. There are those who are allergic to the material that makes up the protection. Finally, each case is unique. You do not need to use an armor to train Taekwondo!
- Do not expect to improve in the blink of an eye. Train safely and do not abuse your body. He also needs rest! Depending on the case, it is better to train one hour per day and three times a week than three hours in a day. RESPECT YOUR BODY!
- When we say health, we mean health PHYSICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL and SOCIAL.
- See if your gym offers security. Step or bumps near the training area is a risk for sprains and falls. Check if the "safe" very foot if there nails in the training area or nearby. Mirrors in the Dojang are great as long as you do not bump them! Environment quiet, well lit and ventilated is key.
- Eat well. Regime last minute to enter the competition is HARMFUL.
- Drink water before, during and after your workout. Stay hydrated! Do not use cover or heavy clothing to sweat more.